This is a body dependent upon the Ministry of Agriculture, Nutrition and Environment. It comprises: winegrowers, producers and representatives of the Autonomous Communities of the “Cava Region” and the Ministry.
It dates back to the year 1959 when the Trade Regulations of Sparkling and Fizzy Wines were established, in which the term Cava appears for the first time. A subsequent Order of the Ministry of Agriculture dated 23 April 1969 sets out the regulations for sparkling and fizzy wines, and Cava was acknowledged as the term for sparkling wines produced using the “classic system of fermentation in the bottle and ageing in the “cava”, and could therefore “designate its products as Cava”. This definition was the basis for designating the product with this name.
It was in 1972 when the Ministerial Order dated 27 July was enacted and the Regulatory Board of Sparkling Wines was set up, operating in a manner similar to the Designations of Origin. This provision made Cava subject to its own regulations as regards making, production and marketing.
Spain’s membership of the EU placed DO wines on the same level as quality wines (v.c.p.r.d.). Prior to the Membership Treaty, Cava was the only specific Spanish designation with its own structure, identical to the Designations of Origin; the difference lay in the delimitation of the area, and it was for this reason that the “Cava Region” was established at the beginning of 1986, delimiting its production area. Cava was therefore protected under the EU and acknowledged as a quality sparkling wine produced in a given region (v.e.c.p.r.d.).
With CAVA now classified as a quality wine (v.e.c.p.r.d.), the Regulations on Cava and its Regulatory Board were enacted by the Order dated 14 November 1991.